Posts Tagged ‘Mythology’

►Greek Mythology:  “Deucalion and Pyrrha, surviving the Flood”:

greekborder2

"Deucalion and Pyrrha" by  Giovanni Maria Bottalla (1635).-

“Deucalion and Pyrrha” by
Giovanni Maria Bottalla (1635).-

greekborder2

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Deucalion’s parents were Prometheus, the rebel Titan, and Clymene the Oceanid.

Pyrrha’s parents were Epimetheus (Prometheus’ brother) and Pandora.

Deucalion and Pyrrha had been chosen as the gods’ favorite humans, as they were considered the purest ones.

The story of Deucalion and Pyrrha began during the Bronze Age, when humans were violent and loved to kill.

Because of that reason, Zeus planned to destroy them all. Seeing that Deucalion and Phyrra were teh ebst ones, he decide to spare them, so he sent Prometheus to warn them.

Warned by his father, Prometheus, Deucalion built an ark to survive the coming Bronze Age ending flood that Zeus was sending.

Like the version from the Old Testament, in the Greek version, the flood is a mean to punish mankind.

Deucalion and his cousin-wife, Pyrrha survived for nine days of flooding before landing at Mt. Parnassus.

Only Deucalion and Pyrrha survived for nine days of flooding. They mounted a chest and sailed to the dry peaks of Mount Parnassos.

 Other Greek regions also claimed survivors. 

King Dardanos was said to have sought refuge on Mount Ida in the Troad, Kerambos was carried to the heights of Mount Othrys by the Nymphs, Megaros fled to Mount Gerana, Arkas and Nyktimos were preserved on Mount Kyllene in Arkadia, and the tribe of Parnassos fled to the heights above Delphoi. Io  and her son Epaphos, who lived in Egypt, were also preserved.

After the flood,  Deucalion and Pyrrha found that they were all alone in the world and therefore, wanted company.

In answer to this need, the titan and goddess of prophecy Themis  cryptically told them to throw the bones of their mother behind them. They interpreted this as meaning “throw stones over their shoulders onto Mother Earth” and did so. The stones Deucalion threw became men and those Pyrrha threw became women.

Deucalion and Pyrrha settled in Thessaly where they produced offspring the old-fashioned way.

The age that Deucalion and Pyrrha created was called the heroic age. This age included Demi-gods and heroes. 

Their two sons were Hellen and Amphictyon.

Hellen sired Aeolus (founder of the Aeolians), Dorus (founder of the Dorians), and Xuthus.

______________________________________________________________________________________________

guarda5

"Pyrrha and Deucalion" by  Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione (1655)

“Pyrrha and Deucalion” by
Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione (1655)

guarda5

"Deucalion and Pyrrha Repeople the World by Throwing Stones Behind Them", by Peter Paul Rubens (1636).-

“Deucalion and Pyrrha Repeople the World by Throwing Stones Behind Them”, by Peter Paul Rubens (1636).-

guarda5

ppp

Deucalion and Phyrra, throwing stones over their shoulders to repeople the world, as Goddess Themis told them, after the Flood.-

guarda5

______________________________________________________________________________________________

►Links Post:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deucalion
http://www.theoi.com/Heros/Deukalion.html
http://sobreleyendas.com/2011/04/11/helen-en-el-origen-de-los-griegos/
http://www.greeka.com/sterea/delphi/delphi-myths/deucalion-pyrrha.htm
https://aquileana.wordpress.com/2008/01/28/el-diluvio-universal-en-las-tradiciones-mesopotamica-griega-judeo-cristiana-e-hindu/

______________________________________________________________________________________________

greekborder1

 _____________________________________________________________________________________________

 ►Last but not Least: Three Awards:

I) My blogger friend Kev from Kev´s Blog has nominated me for a Bouquet of Awards. I am picking two of these as it is the first time I receive them. Thank you very much, Kev 😛

►Here are the Awards Rules: 1) The nominee shall display the Wonderful Team Member Readership Award logo on her/his blog. 2) The nominee shall nominate ten (10) bloggers she/he admires, by linking to their blogs and informing them about it.

______________________________________________________________________________________________

Community Heart Award.-

Community Heart Award.-

►Here are my ten (10) nominees for this award:

1) What a wonderful world 2)All about Birds 3) The Passion Dew 4) Bella Espíritu 5) Cinco Máscaras 6) Fábula Gótica 7) ¿Qué me pongo mañana? 8) Petals unfolding 9) Bluebutterfliesandme 10) Ştefania´s

Love and Kindness Award.-

Love and Kindness Award.-

► My ten (10) nominees for this award are:

1) Jet Eliot 2) Word Dreams  3) The Past, Present and Future  4) Share and Connect 5) Natalia Penchas 6) Dante´s Blog 7) Paroleacapo 8) Jardin 9) Crazy Alice in Wonderland 10) The Blue Polar Bear

______________________________________________________________________________________________

II) My blogger friend Agustín from Agustín Ayala nominated me a Versatile Award. I have already received it. However, I will pass it on to some great bloggers here. Muchas Gracias, Agustín 🙂

►Here are the Awards Rules: 1) The nominee shall display the Wonderful Team Member Readership Award logo on her/his blog. 2) The nominee shall nominate ten (10) bloggers she/he admires, by linking to their blogs and informing them about it.

______________________________________________________________________________________________

Versatile Blogger (Trophee).

Versatile Blogger (Trophee).

► My ten (10) nominees for this award are:

1. Poetic Parfait 2. My World Wall 3. Graffiti Lux and Murals 4. Filamots 5. John Poet Flanagan 6. Das Wesen (T) liche ist nur mit dem Herzen zu Sehen 7. Ray H to the C 8. Stuff Jeff Reads 9. El Cuento Inacabado 10. Otto

______________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Read Full Post »

Mythology: “Apollo And Daphne”:

greekborder2

"Apollo and Daphne" by Jean-Baptiste van Loo (1720/1737).-

“Apollo and Daphne” by Jean-Baptiste van Loo (1720/1737).-

greekborder2

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Apollo was a great archer, but sometimes he was a little full of himself. One day he caught sight of Eros, Aphrodite´s son. Eros was also an archer, and his arrows were responsible for instilling the twists and turns of love and lust in a person’s heart. Apollo teased young Eros, putting down his abilities as an archer, claiming that one so small could make no difference with his arrows.

The insulted Eros took two arrows,  one tipped in gold, one blunted and tipped with lead

With the leaden shaft, to incite hatred, he shot the nymph Daphne, the daughter of the river and god Peneus.

With  the golden one, to incite love, he shot Apollo through the heart. 

Apollo was seized with love for the maiden, Daphne, and she in turn abhorred him. In fact, she spurned her many potential lovers, preferring instead woodland sports and exploring the woods. 

Apollo continually followed her, begging her to stay, but the nymph continued her flight. They were evenly matched in the race until Eros intervened and helped Apollo gain upon Daphne.

Seeing that Apollo was bound to catch her, she called upon her father, asking him to “Open the earth to enclose her”…

As all gods of water posses the ability of transformation, Peneus transformed his daughter into a laurel tree. Suddenly her legs took root, and her arms grew into long and slender branches.

Apollo embraced the branches, but even the branches shrank away from him. 

Since Apollo could no longer take her as his wife, he vowed to tend her as his tree, to raid away all tempted beasts and creatures of the earth, that intended to do her harm, and promised that her leaves would decorate the heads of leaders as crowns.

Apollo also used his powers of eternal youth  and inmortality to render her ever green.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

greekborder2

"Apollo and Daphne" by Paolo Veronese (1560/ 1565).-

“Apollo and Daphne” by Paolo Veronese (1560/ 1565).-

greekborder2

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

►Characteristics and Symbolism of  The Bay Laurel (Laurus Nobilis):

Laurus Nobilis is an aromatic evergreen  with green, glossy leaves, native to the Mediterranean region. It is one of the plants used for bay leaf  seasoning in cooking. It is known as bay laurel or sweet bay. Laurus nobilis figures prominently in classical Greek, Roman, and Biblical culture.

Following the path of this myth, the leaves of the Bay Laurel tree were considered a symbol of the god Apollo.

Bay laurel was also used to fashion the laurel wreath of Ancient Greece, a symbol of  highest status.

A wreath of bay laurels was given as the prize at the Pythian Game because these games were celebrated in honor of Apollo, and the laurel was also one of his symbols.

The symbolism carried over to Roman Culture, which held the laurel as a symbol of victory

In the Bible, the laurel is often an emblem of prosperity and fame. In Christian tradition, it symbolizes the resurrection of  Christ.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

greekborder2

Bay Laurel ´s leaves and structure.-

Bay Laurel: Leaves and Shape.-

greekborder2

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Slideshare: “Apollo And Daphne”:

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Read Aphollo and Daphne´s Myth.

Version from Ovid´s “Metamorphoses” (Book I):

Click on the cover book above to read the myth.-

Click on the cover book above to read the myth.-

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Links Post: 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daphne_(mythology)
http://readytogoebooks.com/classics/Ovid-daphne.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bay_laurel
https://ww2.odu.edu/~lmusselm/plant/bible/laurel.php 
http://fieldofthorns.wordpress.com/2014/02/02/daphne/ (“Daphne”, A poem at “Field of Thorns”, by Pepper).

 greekborder1

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Read Full Post »

♠Joseph Campbell: “El Héroe de las Mil Caras”/ “The Hero with a Thousand Faces” & 

Christy Birmingham: “Caminos hacia la Iluminación” / “Pathways to Illumination” (Poetry Book):

herowiththousand

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

♣Breve Reseña Explicativa: 

“El héroe de las mil caras” es un libro publicado en 1949 por el mitógrafo estadounidense Joseph Campbell que alude al tema del viaje del héroe, un patrón narrativo presente en  historias, mitos y leyendas  populares.

Según Campbell, el héroe suele pasar a través de ciclos o aventuras similares en todas las culturas; resumido en la tríada: Separación/ Iniciación/ Retorno.
♣Los doce estadios del Viaje del Héroe.

  1. Mundo ordinario – El mundo normal del héroe antes de que la historia comience.
  2. La llamada de la aventura – Al héroe se le presenta un problema, desafío o aventura
  3. Reticencia del héroe o rechazo de la llamada – El héroe rechaza el desafío o aventura, principalmente por miedo al cambio.
  4. Encuentro con el mentor o ayuda sobrenatural – El héroe encuentra un  mentor que lo hace aceptar la llamada y lo informa y entrena para su aventura o desafío.
  5. Cruce del primer umbral – El héroe abandona el mundo ordinario para entrar en el mundo especial o mágico
  6. Pruebas, aliados y enemigos – El héroe se enfrenta a pruebas, encuentra aliados y confronta enemigos, de forma que aprende las reglas del mundo especial.
  7. Acercamiento – El héroe tiene éxitos durante las pruebas.
  8. Prueba difícil o traumática – La crisis más grande de la aventura, de vida o muerte.
  9. Recompensa – El héroe se ha enfrentado a la muerte, se sobrepone a su miedo y ahora gana una recompensa.
  10. El camino de vuelta – El héroe debe volver al mundo ordinario.
  11. Resurrección del héroe – Otra prueba donde el héroe se enfrenta a la muerte y debe usar todo lo aprendido.
  12. Regreso con el elixir – El héroe regresa a casa con el elíxir y lo usa para ayudar a todos en el mundo ordinario.

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Etapas del Viaje del Héroe.

Etapas del Viaje del Héroe.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

♣Sobre la Naturaleza Iniciática del Viaje Arquetípico del Héroe:

El viaje ha forjado héroes y heroínas desde tiempos inmemoriales. Estos viajes han sido considerados como viajes iniciáticos, es decir que acarrean una transformación y un aprendizaje para quien los realiza. La persona es iniciada en el uso de potencialidades interiores que ignoraba poseer.

Algunos de ellos han sido realmente famosos en la historia: Gilgamesh, el héroe de la epopeya sumeria, que emprende un viaje en busca de la planta que le dará la inmortalidad.  Jasón, que lideró a los argonautas en busca del vellocino de oro. Moisés, quien dirigió el éxodo del pueblo hebreo hacia la tierra prometida. Eneas, que encabezó el exilio depués de la caída de Troya. Odiseo, que emprende un viaje de regreso al hogar, al amor (esposa) y a la familia.

Hay otros héroes como Marco Polo o Cristóbal Colón, quienes fueron en busca de otras tierras. Hay viajes netamente simbólicos  como los que hicieron el mismo Ulises o  Dante, cuando descendieron al infierno.

Para realizar este viaje el héroe lleva a cabo un proceso de transformación denominado “iniciático” porque el héroe se inicia en pruebas, disciplinas y conocimientos, e incrementa las potencialidades de su psique. Este modelo es arquetípico  y común en la mayoría de las culturas.
Algunos autores actualmente  ilustran la típica progresión del héroe como el cono de una espiral tridimensional, en la que es posible avanzar aunque muchas veces nos movamos en círculos hacia atrás.
Cada etapa tiene su propia lección para impartirnos, y nos reencontramos con situaciones que nos revierten a etapas previas, de modo que podamos aprender y rever las lecciones en nuevos niveles de complejidad intelectual y emocional y con mayor sutileza. (Numerológicamente cada 9 años atravesamos por el mismo estadio).
En otro sentido la reformulación del Viaje del Héroe desde una perspectiva de Cheer- Up Leading, o de Liderazgo contempla dinámicamente una versión más accesible en las cuales el viaje supone abandonar una zona de relativa confortabilidad o estabilidad para afrontar desafíos. Como el viaje es circular el ciclo tiende a repetirse.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Reformulación práctica del Ciclo del héroe. Hacer Click sobre la imagen para consultar la página web respectiva.

Reformulación práctica del Ciclo del héroe. Hacer click sobre la imagen para consultar la página web respectiva.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Joseph John Campbell (1904/1987).-

Joseph John Campbell (1904/1987).-

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
From Campbell´s Book: "Pathways to Bliss: Mythology and Personal Transformation".-

From Campbell´s Book: “Pathways to Bliss: Mythology and Personal Transformation”.-

♣DESCARGAS♣ “Pathways to Bliss”  & “El Héroe de las Mil Caras” :
Hacer click sobre la imagen  para descargar el libro.

Hacer click sobre la imagen para descargar el libro (En Inglés).

Hacer click sobre la imagen para descargar el libro. (En Castellano)

Hacer click sobre la imagen para descargar el libro. (En Castellano)

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

♣English Section: “A Review Based On Campbell´s Hero´s Jouney:”

“Aquileana´s review on Christy Birmingham´s  Book Pathways to Illumination”:

Click on the picture above to read this an other reviews.

Click on the picture above to read all the reviews.

“Pathways to Illumination” follows the experiences of a woman, since the ending of a quite traumatic relationship, who goes through different phases.

These phases could be related with the “Hero´s Journey” phases identified by Joseph Campbell as appearing in myths and psychological development.

It is worth noting that sociologists nowadays tend to deviate from the traditional pattern of classic hero, in favor of a more dynamic version.

Some of the newest interpretations sustain that the hero (protagonist) is first and foremost a symbolic representation of the person who experiences the story while reading, listening or watching; the relevance of the hero to the individual relies a great deal on how much similarity there is between the two.

I had this sense while I read Birmingham´s book.

Although the book is tied in parts with Christy Birmingham´s own experiences, she points out in the introduction that “it is not a memoir”, but rather a cathartic experience of growth and struggle. Therefore, the book´s effects go beyond the autobiographical frame…

The first two chapters of “Pathways to illumination”, “The Toxic Us”  and “So You Left” reveal moments when the woman and the male are still partners, followed by the end of the relationship, when the man leaves her.

Those two chapters could be related with Campbell´s phase in which:  The heroine passes the first threshold, meaning she is now committed to her inner journey and there’s no turning back.

One of the poems that exemplifies it is “Broken Joints”, where Birmingham says, “Only I do not know the vocabulary yet/ For what broke in your mind/ A double-jointed chaos that stands alert behind your smile/ How do I describe the emptiness of my mind?”

We also identify the pattern of the heroine´s phase in which she encounters challenges and faces enemies as part of her training.

As an example, we can point to the poem “A Different Place”: “Here is far from where I imagined my/ Leaves would hang./ I do not understand how I can still have life/ Given I do not possess my own roots”.

In the next sections of “Pathways to Illumination”, we follow the main character as she spirals into darkness, begins treatment, and tries to find herself.

One of these sections is “Depression”. This section relates with the Campbell´s heroine phase “Approach to the Inmost Cave”, when the heroine comes at last to a dangerous place, often deep underground.

caqTo quote Birmingham´s poem, related with this stage, we can refer to the poem “Heavy Shadow”, where she writes: 

“Speak truth to my tears/ Shed the heavy shadow/ Gaining weight with each movement/ And tell me that tomorrow will be easier for me.”

The following section “Treatment” may associate with Campbell´s phase in which the heoine endures the supreme Ordeal.

This is the moment when the main character touches bottom. She faces the critical possibility of death. She appears to die, and then be born again.

As a poetic example here we can quote the poem “When Life Entered Me”, particularly the following verses: “Life came down the hallway with a swagger/ Although I only saw the shadow after/ The third act./ I must have been in bed at the time.

The section “Glimmers of Hope” relates with the pattern of heroine´s stage in which she seizes the reward or treasure he’s come seeking after, after having survived death.

To give an example is Birmingham’s poem: “My Legacy Wilting”. In the poem, Birmingham´s heroine says: “Your Footprints are everywhere but/ So is the sign that bears one shape and/ One word: Trespassing./ My heart closes like a steel gate to you now.”

Christy Birmingham.-

Christy Birmingham.-

On the other hand; the last chapter “New Growth” can link with the last stage of Campbell’s theory, the Resurrection, which occurs  when the heroine emerges from the special world, transformed by her experience.

As an example of this phase, we can highlight Birmingham´s poem  ”Drizzle Me”: ” I am permanently under new ownership/ In a daisy field/ Of my own doing/ And the thorns are miles away / I welcome the shapes of blue skies and aspirations.”

The book follows the Pathways to illumination of a woman who still held pieces of hope even after her life shattered around her. Sometimes things happen for elusive causes, responding to a general pattern of inner self-growth… And maybe this is the case… This is Birmingham´s heroic journey form darkness to light. And as for  us readers, her pathways also points to the spotlight, given that her book is a poetic message of struggle, redemption and  hope…

///Posted by Amalia Pedemonte on 27AUG13. Format: ePUB. Price: Reasonable. Recommend to others: Yes. 5 Stars///.-

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

♣Meet Christy Birmingham at her Blog: 

Click on the image above to visit Christy´s website.-

Click on the image above to visit Christy´s website.-

__________________________________________________________________________________________________

♠Bonustrack: “Christy Birmingham reads her poem I Stand Here“:

Click on the image above to listen to Christy´s reading of her poem.-

Click on the image above to listen to Christy´s reading of her poem.-

istand1b

"I Stand Here", by Christy Birmingham.-

“I Stand Here”, by Christy Birmingham. At “Poetic Parfait”-

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

♠Bonustrack: “Christy Birmingham reads her poem If we go Back”:

__________________________________________________________________________________________________

"If We Go Back". By Christy Birmingham. At Poetic Parfait.-

“If We Go Back”. By Christy Birmingham. At Poetic Parfait.-

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

♠”Christy Birmingham´s Interview on the Radio” (Authors on the Air):

Click on the image above to listen to the interview.-

Click on the image above to listen to the interview.-

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Links Post: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_h%C3%A9roe_de_las_mil_caras 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monomyth 
http://linkprosperity.com/A-Heros-Journey 
http://www.equilibrepnl.com/viaje-del-heroe/
http://redmundpro.com/authors/christy-birmingham/reviews-pi/

__________________________________________________________________________________________________

Read Full Post »

%d bloggers like this: