Posts Tagged ‘Icarus complex’

►Icarus´Fall: “The Myth. Symbolism and Interpretation”:

"Icarus and Daedalus", by Charles Paul Landon

“Icarus and Daedalus”, by Charles Paul Landon.-

_______________________________________________________________________________________

Icarus´Fall: “The Myth”: 

Icarus’s father Daedalus, an athenian  craftsman, built the Labyrinth for King Minos  of Crete near his palace at Knossos  to imprison the Minotaur, a half-man, half-bull monster born of his wife and the Cretan bull. Minos imprisoned Daedalus himself in the labyrinth because he gave Minos’ daughter, Ariadne, a or ball of string in order to help  Theseus , the enemy of Minos, to survive the Labyrinth and defeat the Minotaur.

Daedalus fashioned two pairs of wings out of wax and feathers for himself and his son. Daedalus tried his wings first, but before taking off from the island, warned his son not to fly too close to the sun, nor too close to the sea, but to follow his path of flight.

If he were to do so, Daedalus explained, the wax that held his wings together would melt, rendering them useless, and Icarus would fall from the sky to his death.

Icarus, however, was overcome by the incredible feeling of flight. He was so taken by the experience, that he flew higher and higher. He flew so high that he got perilously close to the sun. Just as his father warned him would happen, the wax on his wings melted into a useless liquid. The wings fell to pieces and Icarus fell from the sky. The water into which Icarus is said to have fallen is near Icaria, a Grecian Island in the Aegean Sea. The island is named for the legendary flying man. Icaria is southwest of the island of Samos.

_______________________________________________________________________________________

SlideShare: “Daedalus and Icarus”:

Click on the image above to watch the SlideShare.-

Click on the image above to watch the SlideShare.-

 _____________________________________________________________________________

Icarus´Fall: “Symbolism and Interpretation”:

Symbols are insightful expressions of human nature.They are the external, lower expressions of higher truths and represent deep intuitive wisdom impossible by direct terms.

Joseph Campbell defined symbols as “giving expression to what is absolutely “unknowable” by  intellect”.

In the psychiatric mind features of disease were perceived in the shape of the pendulous emotional ecstatic-high and depressive-low of bipolar disorder. 

Henry Murray  having proposed the term Icarus complex, apparently found symptoms particularly in mania where a person is fond of heights, fascinated by both fire and water, narcissistic and observed with fantastical cognitio.

The myth of Icarus´moral is to “take the middle way” by warning against heedless pursuit of instant gratification.

In this sense it highlights the greek idea of  Sophrosyne (Greek: σωφροσύνη), which etymologically means healthy-mindedness and from there self-control or moderation guided by knowledge and balance. 

As Aristotle held, as shown in the post , “Aristotle´s Ethical Theory: On The Concept of Virtue and Golden Mean”, virtue is  a kind of moderation as it aims at the mean or moderate amount.

The flight of Icarus could be interpreted as a lesson in the value of moderation. The danger in flying “too high” (i.e. melting of the wax wings) or in flying “too low” (i.e. weighting down the wings by sea-water spray) were advocations for one to respect one’s limits and to act accordingly.

The moral of this myth could be also linked to Plato´s analogy of the divided line, in which the Sun symbolizes the highest Form (Idea of God). Therefore according to this perspective, Icarus has flown too high . He tried to become wiser than Gods whilst achieving Knowledge and, as he defied the godess,  he was punished for that reason.

A similar interpretation is found in Plato´s myth of Phaethon, as it appears in his elderly dialogue “Timaeus”.

Moreover and going further, considering Plato´s allegory of the cave, Icarus could be linked to the  escaped prisoner, who represents the Philosopher, who seeks knowledge outside of the cave (labyrinth).

Icarus´s myth may also be related to Plato´s analogy of the chariot. When flying high with his waxed wings, Icarus´ chariot  was driven by the obstinated black horse, which represents man’s appetites. The fact of disobeying Daedalus´advice proves that his rational part of the soul which should rule over appetites wasn´t strong  and determined enough to do so. In other words, the black horse beats the rational charioteer .

Icarus’ age is an aspect of the myth that deserves a mention here, for it is a characteristic of the period of adolescence to impulsively follow the appetite for life, to rush into the unknown adventure, to chase dreams, to follow temptation and not to heed warnings of danger.-

____________________________________________________________________________________

"The Sun, or the Fall of Icarus" by Merry-Joseph Blondel

“The Sun, or the Fall of Icarus” by Merry-Joseph Blondel

 ____________________________________________________________________________

"The Lament for Icarus" by H. J. Draper.-

“The Lament for Icarus” by H. J. Draper.-

____________________________________________________________________________________

Icarus´Fall: Paintings:

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

____________________________________________________________________________________

 Links Post:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Icarus
http://www.shmoop.com/daedalus-icarus/myth-text.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sophrosyne
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaethon
https://aquileana.wordpress.com/2007/08/05/icaro/
https://aquileana.wordpress.com/2014/01/25/aristotles-ethical-theory-on-the-concepts-of-virtue-and-golden-mean/
https://aquileana.wordpress.com/2014/04/14/platos-phaedrus-the-allegory-of-the-chariot-and-the-tripartite-nature-of-the-soul/
https://aquileana.wordpress.com/2014/04/03/platos-republic-the-allegory-of-the-cave-and-the-analogy-of-the-divided-line/
https://aquileana.wordpress.com/2008/01/21/andre-comte-sponville-el-mito-de-icaro-tratado-de-la-deseperanza-y-de-la-felicidad/

_______________________________________________________________________________________

►”Happy Easter 2014″:

Best Wishes, Aquileana 😛

Happy-Easter

_________________________________________________________________________________

Advertisements

Read Full Post »

Positive Side Of The Coin

Not just live and let live, but live and help live

Retro experiencia

Una mirada a la comunicación política

Mythos

Fun Facts about Ancient Cultures, Mythology and Second Life

Cengiz Selçuk

Kişisel Seyahat Bloğu

Esti crestin?

“Prin aceasta vor cunoaşte toţi că sunteţi ucenicii Mei, dacă veţi avea dragoste unii pentru alţii”

Histoire de l'Art et du Sacré

TOUT UN UNIVERS S’EXPRIME DANS LES ŒUVRES D’ART - CARNETS ARTY

UNSER WORThaus

mit einem Wimpernschlag deiner Zeit bewegst du meine Welt. © Chr.v.M.

Domenick Style

Love and Society Life

Wishlist Finish

Quotes, Reviews, Opinions, Tool box, Technology

Diarys

Diarys / Tagebücher - hier können Fotos angesehen werden, die in Diarys gebündelt sind. Die Foto sind "Schnappschüsse": sehe ich was und es gefällt - macht es "klick". Die Fotos werden nach einer Photoshopbearbeitung hochgeladen und können hier angesehen werden. Copyright für alle Bilder liegt beim Fotografen (siehe Impressum).

Questions Arising

life and other surprises

scientificlove

Physics, Chemistry, Psychology, entertainment, social network

OpinioniWeb-XYZ

Oltre il bar dello sport: opinioni consapevoli per districarci nel marasma delle mezze verità quotidiane!

Victory Motivation

Aspire to inspire

Indians Abroad Desi Videsh Me

Lifestyle - Cooking tips - Travelling in Europe- Emotional support - Integrating with locals -Easy Recipes-Gardening

Maestros contra el Mundo Moderno

Silvana de Prado, una Maestra contra lo peor del Mundo Moderno. Maestra de Educación Primaria aunque también trabajé en Educación Infantil, Pedagogía Terapéutica y Atención Educativa Domiciliaria. En cada una de las publicaciones de mi blog encontrarás algo de interés. La mayoría son de mi autoría y algunas también cuentan con interesantes aportaciones de algunos colaboradores. Los Maestros contra el Mundo Moderno están aquí para decir NO a la estupidización de nuestra sociedad desde la tierna infancia. La pedagogía moderna tiene sus días contados y la regeneración pedagógica ya asoma por el horizonte...¿Estás en facebook? ( ¡Silvana de Prado y Maestros contra el Mundo Moderno también! ). ¿Quieres colaborar enviando algún artículo, enlace o alguna de tus experiencias en la escuela que no gire en torno a las nuevas tecnologías? Si es así escribe a: silvanadeprado@gmail.com. ¡Hasta pronto!.

%d bloggers like this: