Artemis (Roman Equivalent: Diana) was the greek goddess of hunting, wilderness and wild animals.
She was also a goddess of childbirth, and the protectress of Virginity and the girl child up to the age of marriage.
Artemis as the sister of Apollo, is a kind of female Apollo.
Artemis is moreover, like Apollo, unmarried; she is a maiden divinity never conquered by love. The priests and priestesses devoted to her service were bound to live pure and chaste, and trangressions of their vows of chastity were severely punished.
When Apollo was regarded as identical with the sun or Helios, nothing was more natural than that his sister should be regarded as Selene or the moon, and accordingly the Greek Artemis is, at least in later times, the goddess of the moon. Phoebe was one of the many names she was called. The name Phoebe means the “light one” or “bright one”.
Another earlier version of the Goddess is the Arcadian. According to it, Artemis is a goddess of the nymphs.
There was no connexion between the Arcadian Artemis and Apollo. Her epithets in Arcadia are nearly all derived from the mountains, rivers, and lakes. Thus she was the representative of some part or power of nature. Also according to the Arcadian version, Artemis hunted with her twenty nymphs, who accompanied her during the chase, and with sixty others, daughters of Oceanus, with whom she held her dances in the forests of the mountains.
The representations of the Greek Artemis in works of art are different accordingly as she is represented either as a huntress, or as the goddess of the moon; yet in either case she appears as a youthful and vigorous divinity.
~As the huntress, her attributes are the bow, quiver, and arrows, or a spear, stags, and dogs.
~As the goddess of the moon, she wears a long robe which reaches down to her feet, a veil covers her head, and above her forehead rises the crescent of the moon. In her hand she often appears holding a torch.
On one of her birthdays Artemis asked for Six wishes from Zeus, his father. These wishes were.
- To be able to live life chaste.
- To be able to be a lifelong bachelorette and never marry.
- A bow and arrow like that of Apollo’s
- Hunting dogs to assist her hunting.
- Stags to lead her chariot.
- And 80 virgin nymphs to be her hunting companions.
Zeus was amused by Artemis’ wishes, and being her good father, he granted her each wish she asked for.
Artemis would never marry, and would be chaste for all eternity. She roamed with her hunting dogs, nymphs, and her stags, hunting all throughout the mountains, where she resided.
Appearances of Artemis in other myths and in Homer’s “Iliad”:
•In the myth of Actaeon, he was a hunting companion of Artemis ; at some point, he saw the goddess naked bathing in a spring and tried to rape her. As a punishment, Artemis transformed him into a stag and his hounds killed him.
•In the myth of Orion which has various versions, Orion was also a hunting companion of Artemis and the only person to have won her heart. However, he was accidentally killed either by the goddess or by a scorpion which was sent by Gaia.
In another myth, Zeus, changing his form to resemble Artemis, managed to seduce Callisto, one of Artemis’ hunting attendants. As a companion of Artemis, she took a vow of chastity. Zeus appeared to her disguised as Artemis and they had sexual relationships. As a result of this encounter she conceived a son, Arcas.
•In some versions of the story of Adonis, Artemis sent a wild boar to kill him because he was a better hunter than she. In another version, Adonis was not killed by Artemis, but by Ares, as punishment for being with Aphrodite.
In Homer’s “Iliad”, Artemis may have been represented as a supporter of Troy because her brother Apollo was the patron god of the city. At the Greek’s journey to Troy, Artemis becalmed the sea and stopped the journey until an oracle came and said they could win the goddess’ heart by sacrificing Iphigenia, Agamemnon’s daughter.
►Gallery: “Artemis” (Ancient Greek Vases):
►Gallery: “Artemis or Diana” (Paintings):
Steadfast virgin for all eternity
Out of wedlock born to Leto
Fathered by Zeus the mighty
Baby midwife to Apollo
Her twin brother;
She helped her mother
And thus became the patron saint
Of birthing mothers and their babes
The virgin Goddess of Hunting
Roamed throughout the mountains
With a hunting bow and arrow like Apollo’s
With her eighty virgin nymphs
With hunting dogs, and sacred stags
To lead her chariot
Hunting chaste in lush wilderness;
Six desired gifts from father received
The mighty ruler of Mount Olympus
The most cherished gift Virginity
Thus she turned Callisto into a small bear
Punishment for loss of chastity;
Her jealous arrow
Condemned the bear to die
But cunning Zeus, the nymph’s seducer
Turned Callisto into sparkling stars
To shine for us forever in the sky
As Callisto Bear or Ursa Minor
The Virgin Goddess for all eternity
Never loved but one, Orion, a mortal son;
Apollo, jealous, tricked his sister
Through a wager, to shoot
The “floating object” far on the horizon
It was Orion, her one and only love;
In her grief she turned him
Into brilliant stars
Forevermore to shine for her and us
Goddess of Hunting
Protector of animals, trees and flowers
Goddess of Virginity, Goddess of Light
As silvery moon you joined Orion;
In the darkness, your love
Forever will shine bright
Lend us your strength, allay our fears
Lead us safely through the night.
©Copyright 2015 Irina Dimitric
►About Irina Dimitric:
Irina dixit: “I’m a blogger. My recent passions are writing poetry and photography. Now and then I write a story… The ups and downs of my life are reflected in my poems and short stories, and the mood of the poems ranges from dark to bright and from serious to downright silly. Laughter is to me like the air I breathe. I’m a fighter and don’t give in easily to misfortune’s impact”.
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•Make sure to visit Irina’s Blog, Irina’s Poetry Corner.
•Irina has recently published a poetry book, “Dreams on my Pillow”.
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Plus, a Creative Bloggers Award, from Living a Beautiful Life.
I want to thank these three bloggers and suggest you to please make sure to check out their blogs and follow them if you haven´t still done so.
Note: For the three awards, I will nominate blogs I have recently came across and like, recent followers and/or plussers. Also, I am changing the logos so that way I can include new awards among mine… And, finally, I will follow the nomination process without answering questions or mentioning facts about me….
►Rules for these Three Awards:
♠ Thank the person who nominated you for the award. Agradecer a la persona que te ha nominado.
♠ Add the logo to your post. Agregar el logo del premio en tu blog.
♠Nominate ten (10) bloggers you admire and inform your nominees by commenting on their blogs. Nominar otros diez (10) bloggers, informándoles en sus respectivos blogs.
►I) Nominees~Premio Dardos~Focal White & Black Version:
►II) Nominees~Premio Dardos~Chameleon Version:
1. Le Trouvaille 2. Free Spirit Mystic 3. People Forward 4. Claudia Moss 5. Margie in Italy 6. Territorio Escrito 7. The Faerie Embassy 8. Presupuesto Zero 9. Your Bones & Their Lies 10. Mina Barrado.
►III) Nominees~Creative Bloggers Award: