Athena (Roman Equivalent: Minerva) was the city protectress of Athens and goddess of war, handicraft, wisdom and practical reason.
She was the daughter of Zeus and Metis, but she was born produced without a mother, so that she emerged full-grown from his forehead. The story of Athena’s birth is perfectly told in the post “The Weirdest Births of Mythology”~ Micromythos. It is said that while Metis was pregnant, Zeus ate the fetus following Uranos’ and Gea’s advice, who told him that if a boy was born, he would snatch his father’s power. The fetus was then carried in Zeus’ skull during nine months. After that time, the god had a terrible headache and ask the blacksmith god Hephaestus to split his head with an axe in order to relieve him from his pain. Then Athena, already as a young girl came out of his head, completely dressed and armed.
Her emergence there as city goddess, accompanied the ancient city-state’s transition from monarchy to democracy. Her birth and her contest with Poseidon, the sea god, in which the Gods disputed which of them should give the name to the capital of Attica, were depicted on the pediments of the Parthenon,and the great festival of the Panathenaea.
Athena was essentially urban and civilized, the antithesis in many respects of Artemis, goddess of wild animals, the hunt, and vegetation. She was usually portrayed wearing body armour and a helmet and carrying a shield and a lance.
Besides, she was said to be the creator of the olive tree, the greatest blessing of Attica.
She was associated with birds, particularly the owl, which became famous as the city’s own symbol, and with the snake.
In Homer’s “Iliad”, Zeus, assigned the sphere of war to Ares and Athena.
Athena’s moral and military superiority to Ares derived in part from the fact that she represented the intellectual and civilized side of war and the virtues of justice and skill, whereas Ares represented mere blood lust.
Athena thus appears here as war goddess, who fights alongside the Greek heroes. She is the divine form of the heroic, martial ideal: she personified excellence in close combat, victory, and glory.
Athena also appears in Homer’s “Odyssey”, representing the tutelary deity of Odysseus.
Athena also has am important role in Aeschylus’ tragedy “The Eumenides” (third and last part of Aeschylus’ “Oresteia”). There, Orestes is judged by a jury composed of Athena and twelve Athenians. After being counted, the votes on each side are equal. Athena declares that tied juries will result in the defendant (Orestes) being acquitted as mercy should always take precedence over harshness.
Homeric Hymn 11 to Athena. (Greek Epic C7th to 4th B.C.) :
“Of Pallas Athena, guardian of the city, I begin to sing. Dread is she, and with Ares she loves the deeds of war, the sack of cities and the shouting and the battle. It is she who saves the people as they go to war and come back. Hail, goddess, and give us good fortune and happiness!”~
►Gallery: “Athena, Goddess of Wisdom” (Sculptures):
►A Poem by LadySighs: “Greek Goddess ~ Athena”:
►Update: Check out this poem by Geofrey Crow: “To Athena”:
[Painting: “The Combat of Mars and Minerva” by Suvée Joseph-Benoit (1771)].
I would like to thank Bella Espíritu, for nominating me for a Mental Paradise Award Blog Friends Awards.
I also want to thank Risty for Very Inspiring Blogger Award (Blossom Version).
Finally, I want to say thanks to Sadness Theory for nominating me for a Very Inspiring Blogger Award (Fancy Version).
Thanks to these three bloggers and please make sure to check out their blogs and to follow them, If you haven’t still done so!.~
Note: In this ocassion and for the three awards, I will nominate blogs I have recently came across and like, recent followers and plussers. Also, I will follow the nomination process without answering questions or mentioning facts about me….
►Rules for these Three Awards:
* Thank the person who nominated you for the award.
* Add the logo to your post.
* Nominate ten (10) bloggers you admire and inform your nominees by commenting on their blogs.
►I) Nominees~Mental Paradise Award Blog Friends Awards~
►II) Nominees~ Very Inspiring Blogger Award (Blossom Version)~
1. Just Fooling Around With Bee 2. Ladyleemanila 3. Rareity 4. Sadness Theory 5. Find Your Middle Ground 6. Catherinejonapark 7. Creati-Tude 8. Festival Reviews 9. If It Was Today 10. The Alarm Clock of Love.
►III) Nominees~Very Inspiring Blogger Award (Fancy Version)~
1. Bella Espíritu 2. Simona Prilogan 3. Risty’s Breath 4. Ruth Williams’ Blog 5. Working Girl Reviews 6. Life in the Foothills 7. Au fil-M-des Mots 8. Quebec1spire 9. L’envolée poétique 10. Le Blabla de l’ Espace.
►I am Saying Hi & Bye!~