Archive for the ‘Caos’ Category

►Greek Mythology: “Dionysian Mysteries”:

 guarda_griega1_2Cortege Dionysus



Dionysus is best known in Greek mythology as the god of wine, but he has also been associated with peace, agriculture, law, civilization, and most especially, the theatre. In Thrace he was known as Eleutherios, “the Liberator,” or Liber Pater, “the Free One,” because he freed people through drunken ectasy

The place of origin of the Hellenic Dionysian Mysteries is unknown, but they almost certainly first came to Greece with the importation of wine, which is widely believed to have originated, in the West, around 6000 BC in one of two places, either in the Zagros Mountains (the borderlands of Mesopotamia and Persia, both with their own rich wine culture since then) or from the ancient wild vines on the mountain slopes of Libya / North Africa (the source of early Egyptian wine from around 2500 BC, and home of many ecstatic rites), quite probably from both

Wine probably also entered Greece over land from Asia Minor. But it was most likely in Minoan Crete that the eclectic ‘wine cult’, that would become the Dionysian Mysteries, first emerged

The basic principle beneath the original initiations, other than the seasonal death-rebirth theme supposedly common to all vegetation cults (such as the Osirian, which closely parallels the Dionysian), was one of spirit possession and atavism. This in turn was closely associated with the effects of the wine. The spirit possession involved the invocation of spirits by means of the bull roarer, followed by communal dancing to drum and pipe, with characteristic movements (such as the backward head flick) found in all trance inducing cults.

Unlike many trance cults however, the Dionysian rites were primarily atavistic, that is the participant was possessed by animal spirits and bestial entities, rather than intelligible divinities, and may even “transform into animals”. A practise preserved by the riteof the “goat and panther men” of the “heretical” Aissaoua Sufi cult of North Africa, and remembered in the satyrs and sileni of the Dionysian procession, and perhaps even the “bull man”, or Minotaur, of the chthonic Minoan labyrinth.

The purpose of this atavism is controversial, some see it simply as a Greek saturnalian catharsis, a ritualised release of repressed elements of civilised psychology, and temporary inversion, in order to preserve it, others see it as a return to the “chaotic” sources of being and essentially a reaction against civilisation, while yet others regard it as a magical connection with chthonic powers

In the late 1800s A.D., the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche elaborated the dichotomy Apollonian- Dionysian in his book “The Birth of Tragedy”, arguing that the Apollonian principal corresponded to the principium individuationis, the principal of individualization, a concept coined by German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer. This is because rational thought defines and thus compartmentalizes forms into different structures.

Nietzsche rather identified with the Dionysian principal that corresponded to Schopenhauer’s conception of Will, the principal of submerging oneself into a greater whole. Music, drunkenness, dancing, and madness were considered Dionysian characteristics because they apply to the instinctive, chaotic, and ecstatic side of the human mind. 




“The Initiation Chamber”. Villa of The Mysteries. Pompeii. (79 CE).-



►”Dyonisiac Frieze, Villa of Mysteries, Pompeii” (In English):

►”Pompeii: Villa dei Misteri” (In Italian):


•Further Information: “The Villa of the Mysteries” or “Villa dei Misteri” is a well preserved ruin of a Roman Villa which lies some 400 metres northwest of Pompeii, southern Italy.

The Villa is named for the paintings in one room of the residence. This space is decorated with very fine frescoes, dated 79 B.C. Although the actual subject of the frescoes is hotly debated, the most common interpretation of the images is scenes of the initiation of a woman into a special cult of Dionysus, mystery cult  hat required specific rites and rituals to become a member.



►Gallery: “Dionysian Mysteries”:

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►Greek Mythology: “The Eleusinian Mysteries”:


"Proserpine" (three-quarter portrait holding a pomegranate), by Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1874).-

“Proserpine / Persephone” (three-quarter portrait holding a pomegranate), by Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1874).-



The Eleusinian Mysteries are related to a greek religious festival held each year at Eleusis, fourteen miles northwest of Athens. It  was celebrated in honor of the grain and fertility goddess Demeter (whose name means “spelt mother” being “spelt” is a variety of wheat.)

The festivity took place each year, when it was time for the crops to be sown, in the month of Boedromion (September).

It all stems from the myth of Demeter and her daughter Persephone

Demeter was the Greek Goddess of the Harvest, while Persephone was the Goddess of  wheats.

The conflict was originated when Hades, God of the Underworld, abducted Persephone and took her down into the underworld. 

After that, Demeter searched the world looking for her daughter, and while doing this, she neglected her duties and let the earth go barren. 

As she couldn’ t find her, she finally decided to rest by a well in the city of Eleusis. 

There, disguised as an old woman, she cared for the queen’s son, baptizing him nightly in fire so that he would be immortal. 

Demeter later on  taught the queen’s son, who was called Triptolemos, the art of agriculture.

As a reward for having protected the prince Triptolemos, eleusian citizens began to build a temple in their city, as a tribute to Demeter.

Demeter’s attempts to find her daughter were in vain. Besides Demeter’s grief, and plants were dried, the crops died and the earth turn out into something sterile

The gods were worried and Zeus, who had witnessed the abduction, finally intervened. 

He did by persuading his brother, Hades to return Persephone to her mother. Hades agreed but before that he made sure to tricked Persephone into eating some pomegranate seeds and, if one ate in the land of the dead, one remained with the dead. 

As she had only eaten some, however, it was agreed she would spend half the year with Hades in the underworld and half with her mother on earth. 

That’s why while Demeter remained on earth with her mother Demeter, she caused the world to be fruitful while when she was in the underworld with Hades, the plants withered and died; thus the seasons were explained.

Another interesting detail is that when Persephone was abducted by Hades in the underworld, her name was changed to Kore. When she emerged from the underworld she recovered her original name,  Persephone (“she who brings doom”).-




•The Ceremonies: The Mysteries began with the march of the mystai (initiates) in solemn procession from Athens to Eleusis. The rites that they then performed in the Telesterion, or Hall of Initiation, were and remain a secret. 

Those who were to be initiated into the Eleusinian mysteries had to go through preliminary rites of purification and instruction before they would be allowed to participate in the final revelations at Eleusis. 

 The mysteries were divided into the Lesser and Greater mysteries.  

The Lesser mysteries were preparatory to the Greater, involving purifications and perhaps some instruction or other rites, and they were celebrated near Athens,  in the month of Anthesterion (March).

The initial stages involved physical rites which were preparatory for the spiritual rites at Eleusis  After a series of further ritual actions, the initiate was ready for the myesis, the first level of initiation.

The Greater Mysteries began on 14th Boedromion (September/October), when the “sacred things,” carried in baskets, were brought from Eleusis to Athens by the Eleusinian priestesses escorted by epheboi (young Athenians of military age).  The following day, the hierophant opened the festival, making an announcement (prorrhesis) that those “who are not of pure hands or speak an incomprehensible tongue,” that is, those stained by human blood and non-Greek speaking barbarians, were not permitted to participate.  Other than these exclusions, anyone–including slaves, foreigners, men and women–could participate in the mysteries. A procession, named the Sacred Way , began at Athens on the morning of 19th of Boedromion and ended that evening in Eleusis.

Priestesses brought back the sacred things, with a procession of dancing and chanting initiates, perhaps almost in state of ecstasy

Only the initiates were allowed to proceed further into the cult area, which was dedicated to Hades.  The mysteries took place in the Telestrion, a large building which could hold a few thousand people.  The only ones permitted to enter were the mystai, those entering for the first time, and the epoptai, for whom it would be at least their second experience.




•Literary Sources and Philosophical Notes:

The mythical basis for many of the mystery rites are accounted for in the “Hymn to Demeter”, which is part of the Homeric Hymns collection of poems

Those ones are thirty-three anonymous ancient greek Hymns celebrating individual gods. The hymns are “Homeric” in the sense that they employ the same epic meter as “the Iliad, use many similar formulas and are couched in the same dialect.

In Plato’s dialogue “The Symposium” he overtly establishes an analogy to the mysteries at Eleusis near the end of Diotima’s speech (as relayed by Socrates), when he has her say that “even you, Socrates, could probably come to be initiated [myētheiēs] into these rites of love [erōtika].  But as for the purpose of these rites when they are done correctly–that is the final and highest mystery” (209e-210a). 




“Blessed is the mortal on earth who has seen these rites / But the uninitiated who has no share in them never / Has the same lot once dead in the dreary darkness”. (“Hymn To Demeter”. Lines 480/482).-



 ►Gallery: “The Eleusinian Mysteries, held  in honor of the grain and fertility goddess Demeter”:

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►Mythology / Philosophy: 

“The Lost City of Atlantis”, according to Plato’s dialogues “Timaeus” and “Critias”:





Plato’s two dialogues pertaining to Atlantis are “Timaeus” and “Critias”, written in 360 BC. These are the earliest known written records about the Lost Continent of Atlantis, all other written references to Atlantis have been written since, and have been based on these writings by Plato.

“Timaeus” and “Critias” are actually written in the form of dialogues between four main characters: Socrates (Greek philosopher, and Plato’s teacher), Critias (poet & historian), Timaeus (an Italian astronomer.), and Hermocrates (a general from Syracuse). All were real people.

The dialogue “Timaeus” includes only a passing reference to Atlantis, but the second writing, the Critias, has a much more in depth description of Atlantis leading upto it’s downfall. 

The fabled island-continent derives its name from the Titan Atlas. It was said to be out beyond the western headland where the immortal giant holds up the heavens by means of a pillar on his back.

•The Atlantis, as described by Plato:

Plato told the story of Atlantis around 360 B.C.

According to Plato, Atlantis was the domain of Poseidon, god of the sea. When Poseidon fell in love with a mortal woman, Cleito, he created a dwelling at the top of a hill near the middle of the island and surrounded the dwelling with rings of water and land to protect her.

Cleito gave birth to five sets of twin boys who became the first rulers of Atlantis. The island was divided among the brothers with the eldest, Atlas, first King of Atlantis, being given control over the central hill and surrounding areas.

At the top of the central hill, a temple was built to honor Poseidon which housed a giant gold statue of Poseidon riding a chariot pulled by winged horses. It was here that the rulers of Atlantis would come to discuss laws, pass judgments, and pay tribute to Poseidon.

The founders of Atlantis, he said, were half god and half human. They created a utopian civilization and became a great naval power. Their home was made up of concentric islands separated by wide moats and linked by a canal that penetrated to the center. The lush islands contained gold, silver, and other precious metals and supported an abundance of rare, exotic wildlife. There was a great capital city on the central island.

For generations the Atlanteans lived simple, virtuous lives. But slowly they began to change. Greed and power began to corrupt them. When Zeus saw the immorality of the Atlanteans he gathered the other gods to determine a suitable punishment and destroy them.






•Destruction of the Atlantis:

The most popular theories as to the destruction of Atlantis are exactly what Plato described, earthquakes and floods. The floods more than likely attributable to the tidal waves that would have been caused by the earthquakes. 

Another theory is that there was a volcano on the island that errupted with such force that the island was buried in molten lava. 

For Plato, Atlantis was an island, supposedly the size of Libya and Asia Minor combined, located in the Atlantic beyond Gibraltar and due to its central position a stepping stone by which travelers could reach other islands and the opposing land mass.

•Where was the city of Atlantis placed?:

There are many theories about where Atlantis was—in the Mediterranean: Thera,  Chales Pellegrino and Walter Friedrich, Cyprus (Robert Sarmast ), Central or South America (Ivar Zapp and George Erikson ) even under what is now Antarctica (Colin Wilson). [Note: You can check out ten possible locations here].

Many believe that Plato was basing his account of Atlantis on the history of the Minoan civilization, which would coincide well with these new dates. The history of the Minoan civilization and the description of Atlantis have a suspicious amount in common at any rate.

Ballard says, the legend of Atlantis is a “logical” one since cataclysmic floods and volcanic explosions have happened throughout history, including one event that had some similarities to the story of the destruction of Atlantis. About 3,600 years ago, a massive volcanic eruption devastated the island of Santorini in the Aegean Sea near Greece. At the time, a highly advanced society of Minoans lived on Santorini. The Minoan civilization disappeared suddenly at about the same time as the volcanic eruption.








►”The Atlantis: Hypothetical Locations” (Map Gallery):

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►The Atlantis in Plato’s dialogues “Timaeus” and “Critias”.

(Read the relevant excerpts):


►Check out “Timaeus” excerpts with regard to the Atlantis: Click Here.

►Check out “Critias”‘ excerpt with regard to the Atlantis: Click Here.


►Bonustrack: Video: “Atlantis by artist Monsu Desiderio”:


►Links Post:



►Last but not Least: Two Awards: 

Kolytyi from “Trifles” nominated me  for a Liebster Award. Thank you very much, dear blogger friend :D

►Here are the Award Rules:

1) The nominee shall display the Liebster Award logo on her/his blog.

2) The nominee shall nominate eleven (11)  bloggers she/he admires, by linking to their blogs and informing them about it.


Liebster Award.-

Liebster Award.-

 These are my eleven nominees for this award:

1) Kev´s Blog  2) En Humor arte 3) Autonomía en las formas 4Jet Eliot 5) London Senior 6) Unclee Tree 7Brushespapers 8) The Passion Dew 9) A solas con Caronte 10) Animasmundi11) Blog de Javier


My  blogger friend, Caronte Moratalla from “A solas con Caronte” and my dear friend Verónica from “En Humor Arte” have both nominated me for the same award. Thanks a lot :)

►Here are the Award Rules:

1) The nominee shall display the Premio sin premio logo on her/his blog.

2) The nominee shall nominate ten (10)  bloggers she/he admires, by linking to their blogs and informing them about it.


Premio Sin Premio

Premio Sin Premio.-

  These are my ten nominees for this award:

1) Chesterton Blog 2) Sweet as a picture 3) Isaspi 4) Word Musing 5) A little bird tweets 6) Angelart Star 7) Imaginecontinua 8) Cruz del Sur 9) Diwata in Lalaland 10) Si vis pacem para bellum.




Thanks for dropping by, fellow bloggers. Happy Thursday and best wishes, Aquileana/Amalia :D




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♠Music: “As The City Rumbles Underneath”: 

“Featuring Cat Forsley & Ashton Price”



♠About “As The City Rumbles Underneath”:




♠As The City Rumbles Underneath: “Interview With Ashton Price”:

1) Can you introduce As The City Rumbles Underneath briefly?. 

AP: As the City Rumbles Underneath is a band or duo that is comprised of myself and Cat Forsley.  We’ve been together since the fall of 2012.

2) Why did you choose that name for the band?.

AP: We were really going over a bunch of different options, some of which involved just using our own names.  I personally didn’t like that as it made the project sound like a bad pub band.  I came up with “As the City Rumbles Underneath” when I was picking Cat up at the subway station one day.  As the subway rolled away the ground shook and the name came to me.

3) Which are your biggest musical influences?.

AP: For myself Depeche Mode is a big influence along with Leonard Cohen and Slowdive to name a few.  I can’t answer directly for Cat but I know she grew up listening to Madonna and loves Goldfrap.  One of the reasons we work so well is that I have a tendency to make things slower and darker and she always wants to make things more upbeat.  We both have a love of pop songwriting though so it’s a good mix.

4) Are you planning to record an LP adding all your singles and remix versions and when?.

AP:  I’ve thought a lot about that and one idea I had kicking around was taking our yearly output each year and making that the “album”.  I even thought of making a very limited short run of cds like that too.  I guess the end of the year is coming quickly so I might have to get on that quickly if we’re going to do it.

5) Which are the topics of your songs And/or videos?. 

AP: The songs are generally about love and freedom.  “When Stars Collide” also had some pretty heavy astronomy/physics overtones to it which was kind of fun.  One of the things I’m most proud of with this band is the way we’ve packaged some pretty intelligent lyrics (in my opinion) with some very catchy music and melodies.  I think some people could listen to the music and dismiss us as a pop act but if you really listen there is a message there.

6) When are you shooting your next video and which is the song´s name?.

AP: Next video is another Q&A video and then after that the next music video will be for our song “I Am You Are”.  We haven’t decided whether to do a video for either the remix, the original or both.  Right now I’m leaning towards doing it for the remix first but I guess we’ll see.

7) Any other project/suggestion you want to mention here?.

AP: Aside from our music project which I think is safe to say is our main musical priority I just released an EP on my own called “Lonely Nights” and Cat is planning on releasing an audio book of prose on November 1st.


♠”As The City Rumbles Underneath: Beginning, Future Plans (Releasing of “Hearts Expire” Video )… and a Lake!”:

Introduction to the Video:“We thought it would be fun, one hot Toronto summer day to go out and make a video talking about how we got started as a band and what our plans are for the future”…




Click on the image above to listen to the songs at Reverbnation.-

Click on the image above to listen to the songs at Reverbnation.-


Click on the image above to listen to the playlist.. As The City Rumbles Underneath at Soundcloud.-

Click on the image above to listen to the playlist.. As The City Rumbles Underneath at Soundcloud.-


All Videos By “As The City Rumbles Underneath”:

♠”Said and Done”:

♠”When Stars Collide”:

♠”Hearts Expire”:


♠Screenshots  from “As The City Rumbles Underneath”´s Videos “When Stars Collide” & “Hearts Expire”:




♠”As The City Rumbles Underneath”: “I am you are”

(Original Song And Remix):

Album artwork for "I Am You Are".-

Album artwork for “I Am You Are”.-

Click on the image above to listen to the remix by Chris Lago.-

Click on the image above to listen to the remix by Chris Lago.-


♠Ashton Price: “Lonely Nights EP”:

Asthon Price. Click on his picture to contact Ashton.-

Ashton Price. Click on his picture to contact him at Facebook.-

Click above to listen to Ashton´s EP at Soundcloud.-

Click above to listen to Ashton´s EP at Soundcloud.-

“Lonely Nights” By Ashton Price


♠Cat Forsley´s New Book: “100 Days Of Love”:


►Cat Forsley´s Audio Book of Prose (self-published) will be out in the first days of November 2013 and available on these pages►




♠Video Update: “As The City Rumbles Underneath”:

“October 2013″: “Fall Colours”:


Click on Cat´s picture to contact her at Facebook.-

Click on Cat´s picture to contact her at Facebook.-

Click on Ashton´s picture to contact him at Morph Productions.-

Click on Ashton´s picture to contact him.-


♠Find “As The City Rumbles Underneath” at Facebook &

Check out Morph Productions Website  and Cat Forsley´s Blog:

Click on the image above to connect with the members of the Band at Facebook.-

Click on the image above to connect with the members of the Band at Facebook.-

Click above to visit producer Ashton Price´s  website.-

Click above to visit producer Ashton Price´s website.-

Click above to visit Cart Forsley´s website.

Click above to visit Cat Forsley´s website.



♠Last but not least: “Online Shopping”:

Cat Forsley´s Designs”:

Click on the Logo above to see and buy Cat Forsley ´s products.-

Click on the Logo above to see and buy Cat Forsley ´s products / Hacer Click en el Logo de arriba para ver el catálogo de diseños en venta.-


♠Links Post:




♠Shout- Out: “This Post has been reblogged at Partager la Magie“:

Click above to see this post reblogged at "Partager la Magie". Merci Beaucoup Delvina Lavoie.-

Click above to see this post reblogged at “Partager la Magie”. Merci Delvina Lavoie.-


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